Together with the resistance and the victory, it increased the national consciousness of the Turkish Nation and prepared an important ground for the War of Independence that would take place in the future. Çanakkale War commanders and their duties What are they? Here are all the details…
Çanakkale War Commanders and Their Duties
Many German generals and commanders were present, as well as Turkish commanders, in the Battle of Çanakkale, which started in 1915 and lasted until 1916. As a result of the heavy defeat of the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan Wars, a German officer committee of 42 people was brought in 1913 in order to make some arrangements in the army. During the First World War, when the Ottoman Empire was included in the Allied Powers together with Germany, German commanders served together with Turkish commanders in the Battle of Gallipoli.
Çanakkale War commanders and ranks is as follows:
Otto Liman Von Sanders
Liman Von Sanders, who was appointed as the Head of the Military Mission in the Ottoman Empire in 1913; During the Dardanelles War, he was assigned to the 5th Army Command, which was in charge of defending this region, and he actually took part in the Dardanelles War.
Cevat Pasha, who was appointed to Çanakkale Fortified Area Command in 1914; was assigned to defend the straits and coasts. Cevat Pasha, who actively served in the Dardanelles Naval Battles that took place between 19 February and 18 March 1915; He was awarded the title of Hero of March 18 due to his outstanding success in repelling the navies of the Entente powers.
Esat Pasha; During the Çanakkale Land Wars, which started on April 25, 1915, Arıburnu served as the Northern Commander and succeeded in repelling the enemy troops in this region. Esat Pasha, who was also assigned to Conk Bayır after Arıburnu; defeated the enemy in this region.
Fevzi (Çakmak) Pasha; He participated in the Dardanelles War as the Commander of the Fifth Corps. He served as an assistant in Mustafa Kemal’s attack on Conk Bayırı on 10 August.
Colak Faik Pasha
As the Commander of the 2nd Corps, he took part in the Battle of Çanakkale and fought in the Battle of Zığındere, one of the most important battles of the war.
Merten Pasha, a German admiral; He was sent to Çanakkale as the commander of the Dardanelles bastions and served actively in the naval battles of the Dardanelles War.
Mustafa Kemal Pasha
Who is the most important commander of the Dardanelles War? When asked, the answer to this question will undoubtedly be Mustafa Kemal Pasha.
Mustafa Kemal Pasha was first appointed as the Commander of the 19th Division to the Battle of Çanakkale and led the battles in Arıburnu and Conk Bayırı; At the end of the attack he organized on Conk Bayırı, he was promoted to the rank of colonel.
After the opening of the Anafartalar Front, Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who was the Anafartalar Group Commander, won the 1st and 2nd Anafartalar victories and was known as the “Anafartalar Hero”.
Who Was the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Gallipoli?
The presence of the Ottoman army in the Dardanelles War, which is a great struggle for existence and in which Istanbul will be occupied and the Ottoman Empire will be wiped out from the stage of history, if the Bosphorus is crossed, is approximately 500 thousand. In this issue, besides Muslim elements such as Turks, Kurds, Arabs and Circassians, Armenian, Greek, Jewish and many other non-Muslim elements were also included.